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OpaquePrompts x LangChain: Enhance the privacy of your LangChain application with just one code change

Chester Leung
5 min read

This how-to was created in collaboration with the LangChain team

Together, we’re excited to share the OpaquePrompts integration with LangChain. We’ve heard the same, growing concern from our users: that they want to keep their data private from LLM providers, whether it be OpenAI, Anthropic, Cohere, or others, for a number of reasons:

  • Concerns about data retention
  • Concerns about the LLM provider seeing the input data
  • Concerns about the provider using user inputs to continually train the LLM
  • Concerns about the LLM leaking data the model was trained on

From our conversations, we’ve learned that these concerns are shared by LLM application builders at companies of all sizes—from enterprise to small startup—across a variety of verticals. One startup is building a knowledge management solution that summarizes stored documents, but a potential customer, a law firm, doesn’t trust third-party providers with their legal documents. Another is building an application to generate targeted advertisements based off user data, but must strictly control how personal user information is shared and used by third-party providers. A large bank wants to automate risk assessment, which, in its manual form, requires meticulous analysis of sensitive documents whose contents cannot be shared with third-party providers in its plaintext form.

All these use cases and more have one common theme: an LLM application developer wants to leverage an LLM to operate on sensitive data, but cannot do so because of concerns about or restrictions on the LLM provider’s ability to see, process, and store the sensitive data. This is where OpaquePrompts comes in.

An introduction to OpaquePrompts

OpaquePrompts serves as a privacy layer around your LLM of choice. With OpaquePrompts, you can:

  • Automatically identify sensitive tokens in your prompts with natural language processing (NLP)-based machine learning
  • Pre-process LLM inputs to hide sensitive inputs in your prompts from LLM providers via a sanitization mechanism
    • For example, in the prompt, every instance of the name John Smith will be deterministically replaced with PERSON_1.
  • Post-process LLM responses to replace all sanitized instances with the original sensitive information
    • For example, in the LLM response, all instances of PERSON_1 will be replaced with John Smith.
  • Leverage the power of confidential computing to ensure that not even the OpaquePrompts service sees the underlying prompt
    • OpaquePrompts runs in an attestable trusted execution environment, meaning that you can cryptographically verify that not even Opaque can see any input to OpaquePrompts.
    • More on OpaquePrompts architecture and security guarantees can be found in the documentation.
  • Make your application privacy-preserving by modifying just one line of code in your LangChain application
    • See an example here.

An application built with OpaquePrompts works as follows:

  1. The OpaquePrompts service takes in a constructed prompt.
  2. Using a state-of-the-art model, OpaquePrompts identifies sensitive information in the prompt.
  3. OpaquePrompts sanitizes the prompt by encrypting all identified personal information before returning the sanitized prompt to the LLM application.
  4. The LLM application sends the sanitized prompt to its LLM provider of choice.
  5. The LLM application receives a response from the LLM provider, which contains the post-sanitization identifiers.
  6. The LLM application sends the response to OpaquePrompts, which de-sanitizes the response by decrypting previously encrypted personal information.
  7. The LLM application returns the de-sanitized response to the user. From the user’s perspective, the response appears as if the original prompt were sent directly to the LLM.

Using GIFs, we compare LLM application workflows with and without OpaquePrompts. Without OpaquePrompts, the prompt goes directly from LLM application to the model provider, all in the clear.

With OpaquePrompts, the prompt first gets securely sanitized by the OpaquePrompts service (and the service doesn’t see the contents of the prompt) before making its way to the LLM provider for a response.

Modifying a chatbot built with LangChain to incorporate OpaquePrompts

Below, we walk through how we modified an existing GPT-based chat application built with LangChain to hide sensitive information from prompts sent to OpenAI.

The server-side with a /chat endpoint of a vanilla chat application looks something like the following.

To use OpaquePrompts, once we retrieve an API token from the OpaquePrompts website, all we have to do is wrap the llm passed into LLMChain with OpaquePrompts

You can play with a working implementation of a chatbot built with LangChain and OpaquePrompts on the OpaquePrompts website, and find the full source code from which we derived the example above on GitHub. Note that the source code also includes logic for authentication and for displaying intermediate (i.e., the sanitized prompt and sanitized response) steps.


With OpaquePrompts, you can bootstrap your existing LangChain-based application to add privacy for your users. With your OpaquePrompts + LangChain application, any personal information in your users’ prompts will be hidden from the LLM provider, ensuring that you, as the LLM application developer, do not have to worry about the provider’s data retention or processing policies. Take a look at the documentation or try out OpaquePrompts Chat today!

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